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4 – NOVEMBER – 2013


BURMA has been in the limelight for the past few months. A number of reforms have been carried out b-N, the quasi-civilian government led by reformist President Thein Sein, including the release of political pris­oners and Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy being entering Parliament.

The response from the international community has also been rather opti­mistic with the easing of economic sanctions by the United States and Euro­pean Union. Many foreign companies including Gen­eral Electric and Coca Cola have made moves to invest in Burma.

And, of course, when people talk about Burma, it is impossible to leave out Suu Kyi, who spent much of the last two decades Linder house arrest.

In Burma, people throng to listen to her speeches and to catch. a glimpse of her visits. The Nobel Laureate’s picture is now regular features in Burma’s media—as if it guarantees increased sales—and also widely posted in social net­works such as Facebook.

Wherever Sun Kyi travels, she is embraced with warmth, love and admiration—not only by Burmese eople but also the international commu­nity. More than ever, she has become a global icon after being able to travel outside Burma for the first time to attend forums and officially accept her Nobel Peace Prize in Norway.

A number of books have been written about the 67-year-old and her role in Burma’s political struggle. The Lady and the Peacock by Peter Popham—the lat­est biography on Sun Kyi­takes on a more personal outlook of her life.

Popham includes journal entries of Ma Theingi who was Sun Kyi’s personal assistant and compan­ion during her arduous election campaign tour of 1989 and with whom she later fell out. Those journal entries were recorded. at the request of Michael Aris, Suu Kyi’s husband, and were made available to the author through an anony­mous friend.

By dividing the book into five parts—Suu, Kyi’s father Gen Aung San; her years growing up in India; her life in England; her involvement in Burmese politics from 1988 to 2002; and after 2002      Popham attempts to analyze Suu Kyi’s life and how her family background and the historical events in Burma have shaped who she is today.

He does a fine job of depicting the different stages of Sun Kyi’s life- from her formative years, to a student, then a housewife and finally an inspiration­al political leader for the Burmese people.

Many of Suu Kyi’s attri­butes are also excellently portrayed in the book: her sense of duty for being”her father’s daughter;” her strong morality regarding Burmese traditions and culture despite growing up in foreign countries; and her sense of discipline with her children.

Popham also describes her resolute determination and courage when sticking to her goals despite being subjected to physical and Peter popham (Author and journalist ).

mental hardships—the house arrest for most of her years in Burma; the denial of a visa to her dying hus­band; the brutal attack on her life in Depayin in 2003 when many of her sup­porters were killed trying to protect her.

Through interviews and comments made by Suu Kyi’s close friends in Oxford, rare snippets about her are included. Like many others in life, she studied a course in which she was not interested at the insistence of her strict mother and ended up with an underwhelming third class degree albeit at prestigious Oxford Univer­sity. Popham is such an ac­complished storyteller that most people will be caught up in his description andnarration about events in Suu Kyi’s life.

A list of references on articles and books, written about Burma and Suu Kyi, at the end of the biogra­phy indicates the level of extensive research Popham carried out. Yet, whenever he tries to provide an anal‑t ysis of events in Burma, as a Burmese person myself, I do not feel that he pos­sesses enough in-depth understanding about the myriad underlying issues in the country—the history of ethnic conflicts, nation­al reconciliation and the reform process, to name but a few.

In contrast, Bertil Lint­ner, a veteran journalist who has written seven books on Burma and has reported on Burmese is­sues for over two decades, is able to give a concise and yet thought-provok­ing analysis in his offering Aung San Suu Kyi and Burma’s struggle for de­mocracy.

Two critical points cast a black cloud over the credi­bitity of Popham’s book.First is a statement, in­cluded without any source, that now-retired Snr-Gen Than Shwe “admitted [to] ordering the massacre, with the aim of’eracticaing’ Aung San Suu Kyi.” Never has such admission been recorded and it is unimaginable for Than Shove to so brazenly make such a claim.

Second is Popham’s ac­cusation that Ma heingi was responsible for his repatriation from Burma during a visit. It seems that his close association with Michael Aris, who regarded Ma Theingi as being disloyal, clouded his view of her.

Without any credible proof, he agrees with ac­cusations of Ma Theingi having “gone over” ton the junta’s side after she became vocally critical about Suu Kyi and here party’s policies.

I also wonder about Popham’s intention to I include an assumption by Suu Kyi’s friends about how she fell in love with a Pakistani student,who later worked in the Pakistani Foreign Service and who declined to be interviewed for the book, during her second year at xford. Was this just an attempt to sensationalize Suu Kyi’s love-life during her younger days?

He also seems as star-struck when he likens Suu Kyi, giving her first politi­cal speech to an audience while in her mid-40s, to a 17-year-old girl. Without a doubt, all of us will agree. how youthful Suu Kyi ap­pears even now. However, just from seeing Sun Kyi’s picture from that time, it is clear that comparing her to teenager is a gross exaggeration.

At times, the book tends towards being uniecessarily longwinded with exhaustive details about political events in Surma. Popham could lave just included the -oncise versions of those ,vents which are signifi­-ant for Burma’s history Ind Suu Kyi, but then he would not have been able o fill up all those 398 )ages.

For those who have ‘ead other books written about Burma or Aung San >uu Kyi, the only new or nteresting material is the ,ntries from Ma Theingi’s ournal. Although the quotes provide readers with a rare glimpse of the intimate details into Sun Kyi’s life, it would have been better not to include quote-after-quote, con­taining a repetitive and sometimes trivial details like what Suu Kyi wore and what she ate, contin­uously page-after-page.

Popham states thathis story on Suu Kyi is not “just the story of a courageous woman who challenged a military jun­ta and lost”—an assertion that Suu Kyi herself never made—but of someone who has a more “complex and interesting” side.

No doubt that Ma Theingi’s journal entries and the chapter on Suu Kyi’s childhood years are interesting, enhanced by the good storytelling skills of Popham, and contain details other prior biographers have left out. Other than that, Popham might have been too presumptuous about his aims for his book and his understanding on his subjects—Suu Kyi and Burma.

Source: The Traveller Journal