Mandalay-Bagan-Yandabo Day Cruise

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Mandalay-Bagan-Yandabo Day Cruise trip which runs every Tuesday and lasts twelve hours is described for audiences who enjoy cruise trip. Detail information of the trip is to give informa­tion of visitors at Gawwane Jetty, Mandalay at 6am and the cruise trip will start at 6:30am. Lunch will be served at 11 am-12 noon. Yannapo village, Yannapo pottery business and Innwa will be observed at 1-2pm. After that Bagan will be visited and the trip will be ended at 6:30 am. For detail information, please contact, Let’s Go Myanmar. The address is No.52(C), Maggie Road, 13th Quarter, Yankin Townshhip, Yangon. Tel: 014562169

Mandalay-Monywa-Ragan Cruise

Mandalay-Monywa-Bagan Cruise trip which lasts four nights and five day and run only in September, October and November is described for audiences. Detail information of the trip for the first day is to visit Mandalay- Yannapo Village, Yannapo pottery busi­ness-Innwa. For second day, it will continue to visit Pakhangyi-Amyint Village. Amyint Village-Monywa will be visited in third day and Monywa-Chindwin will be visited in fourth day. The last day of the trip will bring audiences to Pakk -Ragan and the trip will be ended.

For detail information, please contact, Let’s Go Myanmar. The address is No.52(C), Mag­\gin Road, 13th Quarter, Yankin Township, Yangon. Tel: 014562169

Mandalay-Bhorno Cruise

Mandalay-Bhomo Cruise, an exceptional trip which lasts five nights and six day is described for audiences. Detail information of the trip for first day is to visit Mandalay-Kyaukmyaung. For second day is Kyaukmyaung-Takaung. Takaung­Hteechaint-Thapayar village will be visited in fourth day. Shwegu-Bamaw will be vis­ited in fifth day and after that the trip will be finished. For detail information, please contact, Let’s Go Myanmar. The address is No.52(C), Maggin Road, 13th Quarter, Yankin Township, Yangon. Tel: 014562169

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Mawlamyien- Kyitekharni-Zinkyite trip is mentioned for audiences to visit Mon State as the rain is going to end.Visiting places are Kyitethankan Pagoda which can be seen from far away in Mon state and Santawshin Uzina zete pagoda, Queen Sein Tone Monastery who is one of the queens of King Minton, Beauty of Thanlwin River will be visited

and audiences can take photographs at view point of Bilu island’s touching background. Kyitekhami Pagoda will be visited by paying homage to pagoda and feeding fish. Allied War Cemetery and Death Railway in Thanbyuzayat will be visited during the trip. The world largest laying Buddha Image in Mudon will be visited and audiences can take rest and play water at Zinkyite waterfall in fine evening and regional fruits can be bought on the way back to home. The trip is organized by Possible Travels & Tours in 29th August on Sunday. For detail informa­tion, please contact Possible Travels & Tours. The address is No.21/23, 6th Floor, Room No. 6-03, 52nd street(lower), between Merchant Road and Mahabandoola Road, Botahtaung Township, Yangon.

Source : The traveller Vol 3, No.11  From August 24 To August 30, 2015

Myanmar enjoys upswing in golf tourism

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Oliver Slow, Yangon, 2015

MORE golfers are teeing off on Myanmar’s greens as the country continues to report strong growth in tourism.

“Since the country began opening up, we have seen a great increase in golf tourism. I’d say 15 per cent a year,” said Jeff Craig, club manager of Pun Hlaing Golf Club, one of the top golf clubs in the country.

“The main countries are Japan and South Korea, but English and Australian tourists are becoming more frequent,” he added. “The issue is a limited amount of hotel rooms in the area. We are build­ing a lodge with 48 rooms which should help our numbers greatly.”

According to the International Association of Golf Tour Operators golfers spend 120 per cent more than the average tourist during a golf vacation, and tour operators in Myanmar are beginning to rec­ognise the potential on offer.

“Compared to other countries, golfing in Myanmar is very cheap and although (golf tourism) pack­ages are not regular at the mo­ment, there has definitely been an increase in this area over the last three years,” said Myatt Khaint, owner of MT & K Travel who runs golf package tours. According to him, the most popular golf tour­ism destinations in Myanmar are Yangon, Mandalay, Bagan and Taunggyi.

There will definitely be an increase in the industry over the coming years as people are always looking for new places to play, and many courses in Myanmar are undergoing renovations to bring them up to international stan­dards,” he added.

Pun Hlaing Golf Club says that it is currently spending more than US$1 million to upgrade its cours­es and infrastructure and plans to become one of South-east Asia’s premier golf clubs.

There are 127 golf courses in Myanmar, according to global golf­ing body Royal and Ancient.

Source : The traveller Vol 3, No.11  From August 24 To August 30, 2015

ASEAN delegation visits new Dingli plant

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Chinese aerial lift manufac­turer Dingli has moved into its new production plant this week and at the same time hosted visit from an ASEAN – the Association of South East Asian Nations- commer­cial delegation with repre­sentatives from China, the Philippines, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Myan­mar and Malaysia.

The all new plant has around 78,000 square metres under cover and includes a large number of intelligent manufacturing centres, as well as more traditional ro­botic equipment.

The automated moving as­sembly line is capable – says the company – of producing a scissor lift every 15 minutes. The plant also includes two fully automatic German built paint plant as is much of the other automated equipment.

The ASEAN visit is part of the ‘One Belt One Road’ strat­egy, launched by president Xi Jinping in 2013 to improve connections and simplify the flow of exports.

Its initial programmes include the Silk Road Eco­nomic Belt and Maritime Silk Road. Dingli’s management has been a solid supporter of the initiative and is looking to play its part in turning it into a reality.

The company said: “We cherish a lot about the development opportunities, development power, and new hope for our company brought by the arrival of our distinguished ASEAN guests. We hope particularly that the visiting mission can help us implement our three-step plan: the first step is to look for long-term agents to help increase sales.

The second step is to set up offices to provide services directly. The third step is to set up branch factories in stable market countries for direct production or technic cooperation”.

Source : The traveller Vol 3, No.11  From August 24 To August 30, 2015

The Myanmar Habit of Being a Vegetarian

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1Since olden days the Myanmar Buddhists have kept the stricter observance of five precepts. They haven’t dare to take dead animals as food by killing them. They didn’t want to eat (meat) the fresh of animals killed by other people. When they accidentally saw the scene of killing not quite dead

fish by fishmongers, they avoided it.

These people have avoided eating the fresh of animals killed by other peo­ple. They ate vegetables and fruits only. Those who did not eat the fresh of animal but rely on eating vegeta­bles and fruits are called “Vegetarian”.Some people say that those who take only vegetables and fruits as food may suffer malnutrition and meet with infection.

However, those who are vegetarians for the whole lifE can live up to the age of over 80 and 90. Those who are an attachment for meat cannot live the complete life-span and die at the age of over 50 and 60.As the ancient Myan­mar took just enough meat and vegetables favourably a,, food, they became healthy.

Nowadays, in the agricul­tural sector, due to excessive Euse of patricides and chem­ical fertilizers and improper washing of vegetables by house wife the consumers have exposed to health hazards.

During the reigns of the ancient Myanmar kings the authorities concerned had issued as order prohibit killing of animals and sale o: meat on the Sabbath days.

In these days there had been slaughters house, and due to the prohibiting order not to kill animals, on the Sabbath days the number of animals slaughtered de­creased.

“As animals are inferior, weaker and no knowledge, the human being show love and kindness towards them’ – such considerations have exited in the minds of every ancient Myanmar.

Prominent Sayadaws (Buddhist monks) delivered the religious sermons pro­hibiting killing of animals and avoiding meat. Due to venerable Leidi Sayad­aw’s religious sermons, town-dwellers of some townships in Myanmar ceased to take meat as food At the earliest era of the existing earth men were able to fly to the sky with rays brightened up on their bodies but their excessive last led to the loss of their flying power.

Japanese men and women have undergone longevity. As they eat less meat and more vegetable, Japanese old men and old women can live up to the age of over 100 years.

Tharmyinya Sayadaw who had resided at a monastery on the Tharmyinnya Hill near Pa-an in Kayin State, had fed every guest pay­ing obeisance to him with htamin (cooked rice) and vegetable curry comprising brinjal (egg-plant), long bean, potato, lady’s fingers and click pea. After his demise over ten years ago, the number of guests have decreased. But the guests are still fed with htamin and vegetable curry.

At the Mahasi religious retreat the guests had been fed with vegetable curry only and Ounnau Khauk­swe without chicken on the Sabbath days.

But it was more deli­cious than the real Ounnau Khaukswe (noodles served with chicken and coconut milk gravy). Nowadays, the habit of being vegetarians is practiced by those among the elderly persons at the metropolitan.

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Source : The traveller Vol 3, No.11  From August 24 To August 30, 2015

Mandalay (1892) Rudyard Kipling

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By the old Moulmein Pagoda, looldn’lazy at the sea, There’s a Burma girl a-settin’, and I know she thinks Wme; For the wind is in the palm-trees, and the temple-bells they say; “Come you back, you British Soldier; come you back to Mandalay!” mandalay imagesCome you back to Mandalay, mandalay imagesWhere the old Flotilla lay; mandalay imagesCan’t you ‘ear their paddles clunkin’from Rangoon to Mandal, mandalay imagesOn the road to Mandalay, mandalay images Where the flyin’-fishes play, mandalay imagesAn’ the dawn comes up like thunder outer China ‘cross the Bay ‘Er petticoat was yaller an”er little cap was green, An”er name was Supi-Yaw-Lat jes’ the same as Theebaw’s Queen, An’l seed her first a-smokin’ of a whackin’ white cheroot, An’ wastin’ Christian kisses on an’eathen idol’s foot: mandalay hnagesBloomin’idol made o’ mud mandalay images Wot they called the Great Gawd Budd mandalay images Plucky lot she cared for idols when I kissed ‘er where she stud! mandalay images On the road to Mandalay …

When the mist was on the rice-fields an’ the sun was droppin’slowl She’d git ‘er little banjo an’ she’d sing “Kulla-la-lo!” With’er arm upon my shoulder an”er cheek again my cheek We useter watch the steamers an’ the hathis pilin’ teak.

Mandalay images Elephants a-piling teak mandalay imagesin the sludgy, squdgy creek, mandalay images Where the silence lung that’eavy you was’arf afraid to speak! mandalay images On the road to Mandalay.

But that’s all shove behind me — long ago and fur away, An’ there ain’t no ‘buses running from the Bank to Mandalay, An’ I’M learnin”ere in London what the ten-year soldier tells:  “If you’ve’eard the East a-callin’, you won’t never’eed naught else.” Mandalay imagesNo! you wonVeed nothin’ else Mandalay images But them spicy garlic smells, Mandalay images An’ the sunshine an’ the palm-trees an’ the tinkly temple-bells; Mandalay images On the road to Mandalay …

I am sick’o wastin’ leather on these gritty pavin’-stones, An’ the blasted English drizzle wakes the fever in my bones; Tho’ I walks with fifty housemaids outer Chelsea to the Strand, An’ they talks a lot o’ lovin’, but wot do they understand?

Mandalay images Beefy face an’ grubby and Mandalay images Law! wot do they understand?

Mandalay images l’ve a neater, sweeter maiden in a cleaner, greener land! Mandalay images On the road to Mandalay…Ship me somewheres east of Suez, where the best is like the worst, Where there ain’t no Ten Commandments an’ a man can raise a thirst; For the temple-bells are callin’, and it’s there that I would be By the old Moulmein Pagoda, looking lazy at the sea; Mandalay images On the road to Mandalay, Mandalay images Where the old Flotilla lay, Mandalay images With our sick beneath the awnings when we went to Mandalay! Mandalay images On the road to Mandalay, Mandalay images Where the flying fishes play, Mandalay images An the dawn comes up like thunder outer ChIna crost the Bay! . ……… ….

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Source : The traveller Vol 3, No.11  From August 24 To August 30, 2015

VJ Day: Veterans at 70th anniversary commemorations

Veterans of World War Two have taken part in events to mark the 70th anniversary of VJ Day, when Japan surrendered and the war ended.

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A memorial event was held at Horse Guards Parade, attended by the Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall.

And the Queen and Duke of Edinburgh joined the PM and former prisoners of war at a remembrance service at St Martin-in-the Fields church in London.

David Cameron said it was important to “honour the memory of those that died”.

In Tokyo, Japan’s Prime Minister Shinto Abe and Emperor Akihito observed a minute’s silence at a service.

VJ Day ended one of the worst episodes in British military history, during which tens of thousands of servicemen were forced to endure the brutalities of prisoner of war camps, where disease was rife and there was a lack of food and water.

It is estimated that there were 71,000 British and Commonwealth casualties of the war against Japan, including more than 12,000 prisoners of war who died in Japanese captivity.

More than 2.5 million Japanese military per­sonnel and civilians are believed to have died over the course of the conflict.

Veterans and their fam­ilies watched a fly-past of historic and current military aircraft on Horse Guards Parade as part of Saturday’s events.

Actor Charles Dance read the poem The Road to Mandalay, by Rudyard Kipling.

The poem was set to mu­sic and became a favourite marching tune for many in the 14th Army in Burma,now known as Myanmar.

Veterans, war widows and members of their families then marched from Horse Guards Parade to Westminster Abbey, accompanied by marching bands.

Members of the public lining Whitehall applauded as the parade went past, with many of the veterans waving union jacks.

Wreaths have also been laid at the Cenotaph on Whitehall.

You could tell them by their medals and cap badges, and by the mili­tary bearing that some still have.

11Elderly former service­men mingled with tourists in Trafalgar Square and the Mall between ceremonies to remember, mourn and celebrate the sacrifice of friends and comrades in the war against Japan.

The day started solemnly at St Martin-in-the-Fields, as the last post was sound­ed, a piper played a lament and a survivor of Japanese prison camps reflected on comrades who died in them.

Even the church’s 12 bell – ringing as the old soldier: emerged into the sunshine – had a plangent tone.

At Horse Guards Parade, there were more poignant reminders of what many who fought regarded as the “forgotten” war – over‑ looked by a home coun­try celebrating Victory in Europe.

But as a Hurricane fight­er and modern Typhoon jet flew incongruously close and low overhead, and Charles Dance recited the poem “The Road to Manda­lay”, the mood was lighter.

Finally, a parade of vet­erans and military bands down Whitehall signalled celebration – of extra de­cades of life and tyranny defeated.

At the service at St Martin-in-the-Fields the Reverend Dr Sam Wells told the congregation: “The struggles, the suffering and the sacrifice of the war in the Far East are a defining experience in our nation’s history.

“We stand in awe of those who were tried in ways beyond what most of us ever have to go through and greater than many of us can ever imagine.

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“People who lost life, limb and liberty that we might know peace.”

And former prisoner of war Maurice Naylor spoke at the service, saying it was

an honour to be joined by the Queen – “a veteran herself” – and members of her family.

He said: “How do I feel now? I feel lucky to have survived so long and still be able to address you. I feel sad for the families of those who died as a result of their captivity.”

Although fighting in Europe ended in May 1945 the battle between the Al­lies and Japan continued.

It was only after two atomic bombs were dropped on the country that the Japanese surrendered on 15 August that year.

1In Japan, Mr Abe ex­pressed “profound grief” at his country’s actions in ‘OAV2, but he faced criti­cism from South Korea an China who said Japan had failed to properly atone fo its actions.

Events have also taken place across the UK to mark the 70th anniversary:

A commemorative ser­vice was held at the Canon-gate Kirk in the Royal Mile, Edinburgh Church services have been held in Wales Wreaths were laid at a
ceremony in Birmingham Prayers were said at services in Sunderland and Newcastle The cenotaph in Ports­mouth hosted a service.

A service will be held at the Far East Prisoner of War Memorial Building at the National Memorial Arbore­tum on Sunday.

Source : The traveller Vol 3, No.11  From August 24 To August 30, 2015

Traffic pass new Insein Railway Overbridge

New Insein Railway overbridge costing Ks 5.8 billion, was open to traffic on 17th August.

“Traffic congestion will decrease as vehicles can drive on the bridge. It also has sidewalk”, said a responsible person of Myanmar Railway. The new bridge was jointly implemented by Myanmar Shwe Tharaphu Co. Ltd, J & M Co. Ltd, Myanmar Railway and YCDC (Road and Bridge Department) on 1st January. It is along side the old bridge. The length of the new bridge is 1,557 feet. The width of two way road is 18 feet. It is built at the crossroad toward Sawbwagyigone Pannchan Lanthit from Insein. Vehicles driving toYangon from Maingtharyar Township will be allowed to pass the new bridge and fromYangon to Hlaingtharyar Township will be permitted( to run on the old bridge.

Discover stunning architecture, Buddhist inand tribal cultures Myanmar

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Myanmar is at the top of the list in terms of amazing sights, stunning architec­ture, natural beauty, color­ful tribal people, and pure unadulterated Buddhist

culture.

A visit to this Southeast Asian country is a step back in time; a “cash society” where the first few ATMs were only recently installed

Leave your credit cards and smart phones at home; they are useless oddities here.

Having remained off-lim­its to Westerners and under military rule until recently, Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, is a frozen in am­ber time capsule of history.

As my wife and I dis­covered on our trip last November, although the small towns and villages are interesting, the larger and most spectacular sites are in or near the main population centers.

In Yangon (also known as Rangoon), Myanmar’s largest city, Chauk Htat Gyi Pagoda boasts a magnificent 214-foot-long and 40-foot­tall golden robed reclining Buddha whose crown is encrusted with diamonds artd-precious gems and whose enormous rose- and gold-colored feet bear the 108 auspicious symbols of Buddha.

1We watched in awe as a group of red-robed monks carefully washed and tended to this massive religious statue in reverent silence.

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The spectacular 2,000-year-old, 12-acre hilltop Shwedagon Pagoda complex has a magnificent dome that rises 300 feet into the air from its base, and is considered the holi­est temple in the country. Its dome is clad in 60 tons of pure gold.

Shwedagon towers over Yangon, and the sun glittering off the dome at sunset is a mesmerizing sight. Hundreds of Buddha statues reside within the complex.

Our next major stop was Bagan, a place of temples, stupas, pago­das and monasteries ranging from small and simple to enormous and amazingly ornate.

During the kingdom’s height between the 11th and 13th centu­ries, more than 10,000 Buddhist structures were constructed in the Bagan plains, of which 2,200 remain intact.

Looking out over the horizon covered with these ancient reli­gious structures, with the moun­tains and the Irrawaddy River in the distance, is a breathtaking experience.

In Mandalay we spent time at the Mahamuni Paya, home to a venerated 13-foot, 6.5-ton bronze seated Buddha, one of the most sacred in Myanmar.

It is a solemn place of prayer and contemplation, where dozens of red- and orange-robed monks and pink-robed Buddhist nuns can be seen praying, chanting and medi­tating. Over the centuries, devout Buddhists have been applying gold leaf to the Buddha whose head, like that of the reclining Buddha in Yangon, is encrusted in gemstones. The Buddha’s gold surface is now estimated to be about 6 inches thick.

More than 200 miles inland from the Bay of Bengal is Inle Lake, the most visually beautiful of all the areas we visited. From sunrise to sunset, small boats ply the waters.

They are manned by a single standing fisherman who uses one leg to paddle his boat and the oth­er to balance himself, and his arms to manipulate a primitive net. Visitors can also see large ancient water-based “floating gardens” which today we call aquaculture.

It is in this area of the country that one can see many different societies with men, wom­en and children in native tribal dress.

One of the most interesting tribes we met was the Padaung hill tribe, also known as the “Tribe of the Long Neck Ladies” who adorn their necks and limbs with heavy brass rings.

At Inthein, a Lakeshore village, we visited mysterious hilltop ruins where hundreds of ancient pago­das lie cloaked in thick vegetation.

Large long and narrow boats shuttle groups of colorfully robed young and old monks to and fro. It is a beautiful, peaceful and unique place.

Myanmar is an unforgettable experience and a chance to see an unspoiled part of our planet that fewlVesterners have had the opportunity to enjoy.

But things are changing rapidly; tourism threatens to dilute what is currently a pristine and uniquely

pure experience. If you want to see what may someday be gone forever, the time (as it seems for so many things in life) is certainly now.

Howard Axelrod is an Ashland resident, travel photographer, sometime writer and a former high technology executive. He can be reached at highwind@verizomnet.

Source : The traveller Vol 3, No.11  From August 24 To August 30, 2015

Myanmar Embassy in Thailand issued a notice to be cautious

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A bomb blast ripped at a busy Ratchprasong intersection near Erawon Shrine on 17 August 2015 evening killing many people. Thus, Myanmar embassy in Thai announced a notice dated 18 August, 2015 on its website for Myanmar employees working in Thai, Myanmar students studying at Thai universities under the government scholarship and Myanmar travellers touring in Thailand. Thai government declared 10 dangerous areas: Ratchprasong Intersection, Pathu­wan Intersection, Silom Road, Khao San Road, Narathiwat Intersection, Victory Monument, Tu.ek Chai Intersection, Benjasari Park, Soi Thong Lor, Sukhumvit Road.

It is specially dedicated to those who come for medical check-up and treatment in Thai hospi­tals.

Source : The traveller Vol 3, No.11  From August 24 To August 30, 2015

Arrangement for distribution of aviation fuel at other airports other than Mingaladon

Distribution of aviation fuel will be arranged not only at Yangon Mingaladon Airport but also at other airports to be implemented within six months after permission of Myanmar Investment Commission, learnt from Ministry of Energy.

Under the 30 years’ contract joint-venture arrangement with investment of 51% of the Ministry of Energy and 49% of the Puma Energy Group Pte. Ltd., Singapore, aviation fuel will be Supplied in Myanmar airports.

Seven ROE circular coaches in service

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Myanma Railway has accelerated since 2013 and launched special air-con coachs plying. There are alto­gether seven coaches includ­ing this month new one, per source of MR.

Now, seventh air-con coach purchased from Japan is run­ning and according to public requirement, there is a plan

to run with the rest coaches at suitable routes.

“When compared with the past, the trains meet scheduled right time. As the number of passengers is increased, there should be regular ticket checking. The doors of the new air-con cars are not safe. Due to failure of cooling system, windows are kept open” said a commuter.

In circular railroad, there are 23 coaches with only four air-con ones.

MR announced that it has been thriving and so the Ministry has international contacts. Asa part of up­grading programme, the old Yangon circular coaches will be substituted with air-con coaches made in Japan before the end of this year.

MR has purchased 100 new coaches on the Japanese Government loan. The Japa­nese Government presented 12 RBE air-con coaches to Myanmar. Moreover, a Jap­anese train company is ne­gotiating to import about 15 coaches to Yangon covering all expenditure.

Proposals for new city bus lines and highway express lines

Proposals for new seven city bus lines and eleven express lines are submitted at the All-private Bus line Con- trol Committee (Highway), it is learnt.

“There are many proposals to run new bus lines. It needs to have at least five express buses except Naypyitaw line. Proposals are submitted to

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Regional Government”, said responsible person of the Committee.

There are 143 bus lines with 1,482 buses running inYan­gon Region and there are and 140 lines with 1,800 buses in other States and Regions. The number of buses in the new bus lines is not mentioned yet.Proposed seven new bus lines in Yangon Regional are:

Shwewai Wady line – Yangon (Dagon-Ayeyar terminal) to Shwelong-Kyunkone­Myaunginya-Pathein route; Shwe Taingpyi line —Yangon (Dagon-Ayeyar terminal) to Pathein-Chaungthar­Myaungmya- Higyi route; Swan Group line – Yangon (Aung Mingalar terminal) to Taungngu- Loikaw route; OK Express line -Yangon (AungMingalar terminal) to Mandalay route; Shwe Pyanlwar line – Yangon-Maw-lamyein-Mudon-Thanphyu-zayat-Paya Thonsu -Yay route; Nyaungkharshaythar line – Yangon-Myawaddy route; Info Express line – Yan­gon-Myawaddy route.

In Ayeyarwady Region – ShweThitsar line and Shwe­Minthar line; in Mandalay Region Kaung Myat Min line; in Magway Region Shwe Natthar bline.

Source : The traveller Vol 3, No.11  From August 24 To August 30, 2015

Mon State booms with more hotels in compliance of tourism development

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As Myanmar tourism is thriving Mon State is full of local and foreign travellers to accommo­date more hotels, per source of the Ministry of Hotels and Tourism.

The travellers’ major attractions in Mon State are Kyeikhteeyoe Pagoda, Settse Beach, Kabyar­A Beach in Ye Township, Mottama mountain ranges and Muld village in Paung Township, Kay­lartha mountain in Beelin Township, Melan region, Commonwealth War Cemetery and Death Railway in Thanbyuzayat Town.

“While Myanmar tourism is prosperous, new destinations emerged. We revise the schedules which have already been set up. Most tour companies sell day trip tickets to Mon State including Kyeikhteeyoe. The weather is fine and the place is nice so foreigners enjoy that trip,” said Ma Nilar of May Parimi Travel and Tour.

“Mon State has shortage of agricultural workers and the State’s second economy rubber mar­ket is crucial. So,entrepreneurs move toward prospective travel and tour business. In the past, Mon State has only two or three hotels and now over 30 hotels,” she said.

The number of visitors to such places is equal to that of those to Bagan. Over two million trav­ellers to Kyeikhteeyoe Pagoda and Kyeikhto receives over 8,000 foreigners and 80,000 locals. According to the records of MOHT, up to the end of May 2015, Myanmar has 1,186 hotels with 46,690 rooms; in Mon State alone 38 hotels with 1,377 rooms.

Source : The traveller Vol 3, No.11  From August 24 To August 30, 2015

Hledan foot bridge to open in September

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To ease traffic congestion, footbridges are constructed in over-crowded places inYangon. The present Hledan footbridge construction is nearly 70% completed and, the bridge will be in use in September, per source of Engineering Department (Road and Bridge) ofYCDC,.

The height is 18 ft and 10 ft in width and 90 ft in length including two normal stairs of step. The construction launched in February at Ks 2.00 million.

“We had set up this bridge since Feb. After discussion, we selected the most jammed Hledan main junction. We aimed to open in July but delayed to next month due to revising the design,” said an officer in charge of the department.

There are five places to build footbridges, namely, on Anawyahtar Road, Pyay Road near Marlar Hall, Lanthit Road Lanmataw, near Tadaphyu and Site-pyoe-yay buss stop near Junction Square, within this FY at the estimated expenditure Ks over 4 billion. The construction work will begin when official permission ofYangon Regional Government received. Escalators will include depending on most crowded crossing areas.

Source : The traveller Vol 3, No.11  From August 24 To August 30, 2015

Kokine Overbridge to complete in March – 2016

1Preparations are underway for the construction of 4 -way Kokine over bridge at the junction of Kaba Aye Pagoda Road and University Avenue Road at Yankin Township to finish in March, 2016. The first land survey has already finished and now it is second time for more accurate. After soil testing the construction will be started in accordance with the instructions of Yan­gon Regional Government, learnt from the contractor Capital Development Com­pany.

At the moment, there are five over bridges, namely,

Bayintnaung, Hledan, Shwe­gondine, Myaynigone and Insein, utilizing to decrease traffic congestion in Yangon. In addition to them, three more bridges at Tamwe, 8th Mile Junction and Kolkine are under implementation stage.

Source : The traveller Vol 3, No.11  From August 24 To August 30, 2015

Violators of Commercial Tax Law to be Fined

1If hotel and guesthouse entrepreneurs and restaurateurs who fail to produce payment receipts or producing the receipts without sticking duly paid tax- stamps to the custom­ers in compliance of commercial tax law will be fined, announced by the Internal Revenue Dejartment through State owned media.

The fine is 100% of the tax value plus Ks 200,000 for first offence, Ks 500,000 for second and Ks 700,000 for third respectively.

It is also announced that over Ks two hundred thousand income per financial year of hotels and guesthouses and restaurant business are levied to collect 5% commercial tax together.

They are responsible to produce payment receipts with the tax stamps duly stuck on them according to the commercial tax rules and regulations.

Source : The traveller Vol 3, No.11  From August 24 To August 30, 2015

MNA’s second ATR 72-600 arriving in December

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Among six ATR 72-600 planes purchased by Myanmar National Airlines from ATR France Company, the first one landed in the morning of 8 August, 2015 and the second one will be arriving in December, per source of MNA.

It left Paris, France at 8:00 am (local time) on 5 August, 2015 carrying 70 passengers and ar­rived at Yangon on the fourth day after flying seven hours per day.

“The first plane will be used for domestic flights. Currently, we are carrying out maintenance process,” said Captain U Htin Lin.

A discussion was held at the air summit meeting in Singapore on 11 February, 2014 for the purchase of six airplanes and to set up heavy maintenance servicing; MNA to buy two planes per year from 2015 to 2017.

At present most private airlines in Myanmar are using France’s ATR aircrafts.

For better service MNA is thriving to announce fix flight schedules and conduct all round developed trainings for their staff.

Source : The traveller Vol 3, No.11  From August 24 To August 30, 2015

Early English Missionary Schools in Myanmar

MAUNG KHINE ZAW

MAUNG KHINE ZAW

         Dear Readers, please note that since 1995 the old English spellings and pronunciations of some geographical names in Myanmar had been offi­cially changed to comply with Myanmar dialect.

         In this article old names “Ava” “Taungoo” “Tennasserim” “Mata­ban ” “Moulmein” “Syr­ian” “Bassein” “Akyab” “Arakan” are corrected as “Innwa””Taungnu”, “Tanintharyi” “Moatama” “Mawlamyine” “Thanlyin” “Pathein” “Sittway” “Rakh­ine” etc. —Ed.

         The Myanmar people began to study the English language and literature during the reigns of King Tabin Shwehtee and King Bayintnaung Kyawhtin Nawrahta of Taungnu period in the year 1548 A.D. According to the histor­ical records it is learnt that during the reign of King Bayintnaung Kyawh­tin Nawrahta among the foreigners who arrived in Myanmar the Europe­ans were predominant in number.

            In Historian D.G.E. Hall’s “Europe and Burma” men­tion is made of the fact that during the King Bayint­naung a large number of Europeans including Por­tuguese arrived in Myan­mar on business matters. Among the Europeans Kaiser Fraidarikay, the na­tive of Venice, Italy arrived here in 1569 during the reign of King Bayintnaung. Englishman Mr. Reply Fitch reached Tanintharyi, Moat­ama and Pathein in 1587 and 1588.

            Europeans coming to Myanmar for the first time were merely adventurers, merchants and mission­aries. Especially Roman Catholic Missionaries entered the country slowly and carried out the reli­gions propagations.

            They taught the people English speaking and lan­guage while carrying out the religious propagations.

            Before King Maha Dha­ma Razar of the Naungyan Dynasty 1613, the English literature was used by Roman Catholics as their language and literature.

            After King Maha Dhama Razar attacked and occu­pied Thanlyin and execut­ed Philip Debrito, he took away all the Roman Cath­olics as captives and sent them to the upper Myan­mar. He also settled them down. Since then, the study of English language had become widespread mod­erately. In 1721 its progress was increasing.

            In 1721 during the reign of Taninganway Minn Ro­man Catholic Missionary Banabite who was a native of Rome, Italy arrived at Myanmar. He tried to teach the natives with scriptures and techniques in English while carrying out the reli­gions propagation.

            Banabite’s efforts made most of the Myanmar peo­ple interest in the study of English.

            As people took more interest in English, The lan­guage was taught methodi­cally at Thanlyin and other cities in upper Myanmar.

            After the first An­glo-Myanmar war (1824 -1826), the standard of English teaching had im­proved.

            As he Tanintharyi and the Rakhine divisions fell into the hands of the British colonialists, the natives of Myanmar in these regions had become in touch with the English language. They had become more interest­ed in the study of English.

            They had already learn the English language. Even the Myanmar kings them selves took interest in the study of English. In Au­gust, 1827 King Bagyidaw permitted opening of the English school at Innwa (Ava).

            Roman Catholic Mission­ary Dr. Price was the first man who opened the En­glish school at Ava. One the opening day of the school there were four students only and then increased to seven students.

            Subjects taught at the school were English, geog­raphy, astronomy, science and navigation. Students, though small in number, had passed the examina­tion with good qualifica­tion (credit).

            “The Calcutta Herald” newspaper praised success of the school and outstand­ing ability of students.

The newspaper said that student studying English at Dr. Price’s school were outstanding. Two princes were the best among the students. They could read the Bible (00VDO~6.00) written in English properly and understood.

            They could also draw the world map neat and tidy. In those days Mawlamy­ine was the most promi­nent in the field of English speaking and English teaching.
MAUNG KHINE ZAW

A sit was a seaport, many of the British steamers berthed. Town dwellers had been always dealing with the English merchants and seamen.

          They had been always in contact with English language and literature. It was recorded that those who could speak English and write English literature were 2500 town dwellers of Mawlamyine only in the ten-year period between 1826 and 1836.

          American Missionary Dr. Adoniram Judson was one of these who made the study of English improve. Dr. Judson arrived at Yan­gon via India in 1803. He reached Mawlamyine in 1833.

            He opened the English schools jointly with mis­sionary wade. The impe­rialist British Government aided these schools with Indian Rupees 500 per month.

            The main objective was to enable the multination­als in this region to speak and write the English lan­guage and literature.

            Dr. Judson was the per­son who not only opened the English schools but also compiled the En­glish-Myanmar Dictionary and the Myanmar-English Dictionary for the people of Myanmar to understand the English language prop­erty.

            In 1834 the British Gov­ernment established as English school at Maingay Street in Mawlamyine. American Missionary C. Bennett supervised the school.

            This school was the first one among the schools established by the British Government. In addi­tion to the government school, many missionary schools had sprung up in Mawlamyine. In 1843 St. Mathew Boys School and in 1844 St. Joseph Convent School were established in Mawlamyine. Similarly, the British Government-sponsored school had appeared in the Rahkine Division-one at Kyaukphyu in 1835 and another school at Sittway in 1837.

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While the British gov­ernment established the English schools in the Tnintharyi and the Rakhine Divisions, the Myanmar king also hired the foreign missionaries to estab­lish the English language schools at Yatanabon Nay­pydaw-Mandalay,

         Prince Mekhayer took more interest in study­ing the English language among the persons of royal lineage. He compiled the English-Myanmar dictio­nary which would help the study of English.

           The prince learn the English language at Brit­ish merchant Rogers. He complied the dictionary together jointly with British merchant Lane who had resided in Innwa.

           He had taken five years to complete the compila­tion work. Barney was very much pleased with this dic­tionary in such way that it would contribute greatly to the British officers who un­dertook the administrative words and the Myanmar nationals under the reigns of English Chief Commis­sioner and Myanmar King who wished to learn the English language and also it could be very valuable for the Myanmar Empire.

          On 13thFeburary 1835 Barney submitted the man­uscripts of the dictionary to the Viceroy of India and advised him to publish it with the government fund after scrutinizing its con­tents by compiler Prince Makhayar handover the copyright to Lane.

          Prince Makhayar had confronted many chal­lenges and difficulties in compiling the dictionary with his effort, diligence and knowledge in the five-year period.

          It is highly miserable for the people of Myanmar because the English-Myan­mar dictionary has van­ished from the world of literature.

          Indeed it is a great loss to the world of Myanmar literature and the history of Myanmar.

          During the reign of King Mindon the field of study­ing the English language and literature had become more wide spread. He himself encouraged the study of English, financially aided, and built the English school buildings.

MAUNG KHINE ZAW 19

He encouraged both the study of Tri-pitaka scriptures and Myanmar literature and the study of English language and lit­erature simultaneously. He built a school on the vacant plot of land at Mandalay to enable English priest Dr. Marks to teach English to his sons.

          He also provided French Roman Catholic Priest Bigandet with a plot of land and cash to carry out the educational development tasks.

        Under the supervision of Bigandet St. Patrick High School at Mawlamyine in 1868, St. Paul High School at Yangon in 1870, St. Peter High School at Pathein in 1872 and St. Peter High School at Mandalay in 1896 were established respec­tively.

            As King Mindon encour­aged the study of English to his utmost, he donated 30,000 in Myanmar curren­cies to build the English School at Mandalay.

            The Myanmar Gazette Newspaper issued on 21st December 1871 revealed that the Myanmar King do­nated 30,000 in Myanmar currencies to English men to build an English School at Mandalay.

            The Myanmar carpen­ters build the school in accordance with the design given by the English archi­tect.

            The Study of English in Myanmar began to flourish with the strenuous effort of Christian Missionaries.

They taught English lan­guage to the native people in order to succeed the propagation of Christian religion.

            Although the study of English was aimed at carrying out the propaga­tion of religion, it has been extended to the studies of political, social, education­al, commercial and cultural sectors later.

            Nowadays, the English ‘ language has stood as the principle language for in­ternational relations.

            When we study the history of Myanmar litera­ture, we observed that the Myanmar scholars carried out with special attention the tasks leading to the development and thriving of the Myanmar literature which is the traditional cultural heritage.

            In keeping abreast with the international political, economic, educational and social fields they studies English as the foreign lan­guage with special empha­sis.

            The ancient Myanmar’s prowess of performing task in praise-worthy.

 Source : The traveller Vol 3, No.8  From August3 To August 9, 2015

Bangalore is now 15th among the world’s top 20 startup hubs. Here’s what makes it hum

MALAVIKA VELAYANIKAL

On Jul 27, 2015

            US-based Compass, formerly known as Startup Genome, has rated the world’s top tech hubs on five counts: funding, market reach, talent, experience, and performance of startup. Overall, Bangalore came 15th in its latest ranking of ecosystems  up four places from Startup Genome’s last global ecosystem ranking in 2012.

            With US$2.25 billion in funding last year, Bangalore now ranks 6th among startup ecosystems for access to venture capital. Only four US tech hubs – Silicon Valley, NewYork, Boston, Los Angeles  and Tel Aviv in Israel are ahead of Bangalore in terms of VC investment and time to raise capital. This is one of the findings in the Compass report released today on the top 20 startup ecosystems in the world.

            Delhi, which has seen a surge of startup activity over the last couple of years, hasn’t made the cut yet. Nor has Mumbai, which is the other main startup hub in India. Compass data shows that Delhi and Mumbai are still lagging in early stage investment, which involves high risk capital.

            Bangalore scored high not only in funding but also in performance, which is determined by the number of startups, their valuations, and growth rates. It came 10th in this column, one spot above Singapore.

Bangalore

Bangalore

Low in exits, high on seed rounds

            Not everything was rosyfor Bangalore, which is still an immature ecosystem. It got only a 0.2 percent slice of the exit pie in the last two years, with Silicon Valley taking the lion’s share, followed by London, Los Angeles, and Tel Aviv. Exits are important to keep investors interested, but rising valuations made up for low exit volume in Bangalore.

            As Bjoern Lasse Herr­mann, founder and CEO of Compass, explains to Tech in Asia:

            For a relatively young, fast-growing ecosystem, the sum of valuations is larger than the sum of exit valu­ations, because the latter is by definition a lagging indicator.

            The large number of start­ups and their performance helped Bangalore rank higher.

            The Compass report notes that Bangalore used to be mostly an outsourcing cen­ter, “hardly characterized for the innovative culture required for creating new technology startups.” So it surprised many to see its ex­plosive growth as a startup hub in the last few years.

            But there’s no stopping it now. In the last quarter, US$740 million of VC fund­ing came in.

            The ecosystems with the most growth in funding in the last three years were Ber­lin (12x), Bangalore (4x), and Boston (3.7x).

          But of all the ecosystems, Bangalore had the highest rise in seed rounds a clear indicator of future growth potential.

            Boston, in contrast to Bangalore, had more exits and stronger late stage fund­ing, but a steady fall in seed rounds each year, suggesting a future decline.

       “Bangalore also boasts an incredibly youthful startup ecosystem, with the young­est average founders’ age of all the top 20 ecosystems,” says the Compass report.

       A study by the National Association of Software and Service Companies (Nasscom) last year found the average age of startup founders in India to be 32, with three-quarters of them being 35 or below.

       Access to customers, local and global Where Bangalore scored the lowest among the top 20 hubs was in market reach, which looks at access to both local and global cus­tomers.

            India does well in market ‘Size and English proficiency, but compared to the oth­er top startup ecosystems, B2B startups in Bangalore have fewer local corpora­tions with deep pockets to target as clients.

            Compass surveys also showed Bangalore startups did not fare as well as their counterparts elsewhere on global reach.

            “The potential is very large, but the execution is not yet as good as in other ecosystems,” says Herrmann. Bangalore also comes in at a lowly number 17 in the quality, availability, and cost of tech talent, which might come

bangalore

Bangalore

The Chinese are coming Not surprisingly, start­up hubs in the developed countries of North America and Europe dominate the Compass list, taking 16 of the top 20 spots.

            Bangalore, Tel Aviv, Sin­gapore, and Sao Paulo are the only ones from other continents. Notable absentees from the list are startup hubs from China, Taiwan, Japan, and South Korea.

            “The language barrier slowed our ability to get enough of some compo­nents of data to include them in the ranking.

            We expect to have these ecosystems included in our index later this year,” says the Compass report.

            The entry of the likes of Shanghai, Hong Kong, Seoul, and Tokyo are sure to make the ranking even more competitive, reflecting the inexorable shift of the world tech order to the east. “Innovation now comes from everywhere on earth,” writes Steve Blank, Silicon Valley serial entrepreneur and author, in a foreword to the report.

            “Most of the innovation and disruption are coming from new entrants young, fearless, and not afraid to take on the status quo.”

            Two or three decades ago, most tech startups were created in Silicon Valley or Boston.

            Today tech entrepreneur­ship is a global phenom­enon with startup hubs emerging in one country’ after another.

            It is to benchmark these ecosystems and help entrepreneurs, investors, and policymakers that the Startup Genome project was conceived by three entrepre­neurBjoern Herrmann, Max Marmer, and Ertan Dogrultan.

            Their 2012 Startup Eco­system Report generated a lot of debate.

            It later re-branded to Com­pass, which also provides automated benchmarking software to startups.

            The 2015 Startup Eco­system Ranking report is its latest attempt to analyze how the world’s tech hubs stack up.

REF : TECHINASIA

 Source : The traveller Vol 3, No.8  From August3 To August 9, 2015